The unfavorable sides which were impressed upon me consisted of my disappointments and experiences with regard to freedom, political as well as economical. The first city where i succeeded in obtaining work was Bern. Here i joined the "General Working Men's Society an organization which has a socialistic tendency, and has branches throughout Switzerland. Soon after my arrival in Bern, this organization split into two factions, one social democratic, and the other anarchistic, and, as at this time i was not familiar with the doctrines of socialism in such a degree as i am now, i did not know. In luzern, the second town which furnished me with work, things were a little different. Feuds between the anarchistic and social democratic factions were on the calendar here also, and at first I was inclined neither to one nor the other. But then I took occasion to study the matter of dispute with more zeal, and became more pronounced in my principles.
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The same can be said of the village winterthur and Frauenfeld. Near Aargau i ascended the flanks of the limestone containing Jura mountains, from which point of view the half-decayed ancient castle of the hapsburg dynasty is visible. The history of this business castle aroused the thought within me that the victory in the contests between liberty-loving and for liberty-fighting people and tyrants must always ultimately be on the side of the oppressed people, as this has been the case in the struggle. On my journey via olten, solothurn and biel to neufchatel and la chaux-de-fond i inspected nearly a score of ruins which were the remnants of the castle tyranny and serfdom that kept the people in slavery in past centuries. Some of these relics of barbarism rest peaceably amid fertile vineyards, to whose grapes I helped myself whenever I longed for them, without paying tribute to the modern robbing knights, the capitalists or the vassals, the second hand "business men." Not being able to secure. By this time my military duty in Germany (i ought to have reported for inspection in the "fatherland" before this) rendered my sojourn in Switzerland, according to a treaty between the two countries, illegal, and as I was too ashutosh well known in Bern my stay. I trusted my luck now for the second time, and with more success, in Zurich. After having worked here for nearly a year, i quitted this place, and worked a couple of weeks in Aargau. This was the terminating point of my career in Switzerland. The picture which I have drawn in the foregoing account of my sojourn in Switzerland were only the bright sides of my experience. But, dear reader, you must not think that because Switzerland is a romantic and beautiful country it is also a land where grievances and miseries are unknown.
Next I worked my way to the mountains Pilatus and report Rigi. To ascend, one is subjected to much disagreeableness, but once on the top the pleasure of a most extraordinary view presents itself to a weary tourist, and is a more than generous compensation for his trouble. For the convenience of travelers a cog-wheel road leads up to the rigi but as the use of this road is connected with considerable expense (the fare amounting to nine francs,.80 and as the benefits of the acquisitions of science in general mostly. Beyond luzern, along the vierwaldstadter lake, extends the Axen road, which, in describing many curves and windings, offers various interesting sceneries. For instance, the famous Tell Plate, and vis-a-vis can be seen the rutli, the historical nightly plotting places of the patriots of the canton Uri Schwys and Unterwalden, who were fighting against the tyranny of Gessler. (99) In my opinion this landscape is one of the most beautiful in Switzerland, if not in whole europe. Zurich was the next place i visited. This city and its suburbs are also charming, being located on the shores of lake zurich; but as I had had occasion to admire more attractive displayments of nature in Switzerland, this section did not impress me in an extraordinary manner.
Romantic chain bridges allow the people to cross over the yawning abysses, with their rushing waters, from rock to rock. Next i admired the fascinating location of lausanne, on the shores of the geneva lake. From lausanne one can overlook the city of Geneva on the beautiful lake, resume and also view Mont Blanc, whose top seems resumes to reach as high as heaven. As I could obtain no work at any of these villages, i pursued my journey in a left backward direction and surmounted the Black hills. The weather was bright, and had not been for the shady descent I would have suffered the heat very much. Having made my way over the mountains, i arrived at Thun, and thence, crossing the Thuner lake, at Interlaken. This village lies at the foot of the Alps, with their everlasting snow, at intermissions changing with thriving meadows. This is the Eldorado of European tourists. From the top of the Brunig i enjoyed once more the whole view over the romantic upper country of Bern, and then I descended, and crossing the vierwaldstadter lake, went to luzern.
I travelled through the major part and most beautiful portions of Switzerland on foot, and had therefore ample occasion, not only to enjoy the wondrous sceneries, but to study the life, peculiarities and customs of the people. Briefly described, i made the following traveling tours: From Basel I made my way to bern. The road between these two points distinguishes itself only in the beginning, along the shores of the Rhine, from which region the wanderer has an aspect of the Black forest of Baden. Leaving Bern in the rear, i traveled through those parts of the little republic, which, when beheld from the vicinity of Bern, leaves the impression upon the tourists of being even more wonderful than we can picture paradise to ourselves. The beauty of nature in this corner of the world is simply indescribable. The next village i came to was Fribourg. This village is located between a group of hills, and is cut through by the river Aar, whose waters wend their way through perhaps 120 feet high, and 200 feet wide, clefts in rocks.
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The natural consequence was that, instead of being possessed of genuine childlike love toward mother, i dreaded her in a certain degree, although or perhaps just because i was her confidential companion in all her griefs and sorrows, in the same ratio in which. This circumstance exercised also a disadvantageous influence upon my perfection, when I was given in tri-annual apprenticeship to a carpenter boss; and, as it is the custom in Germany that apprentices receive no compensation for their work during the time they spend in learning the. Very often mother reproached me because i had chosen the carpenter trade for the occupation of my life; she had hoped that I might secure a situation as copyist in some office, which order would have had the advantage of enabling me to earn a little. But I stuck to my choice for various reasons. I deemed the knowledge of a distinct trade the best for me, because i was opposed to being dependent on one master, and especially because i had desire to travel, and see the world.
So my mother, at last, renounced her objections, and yielded to my desire with the words: a man's will is his heaven." After I had served my apprenticeship, which lasted from 18, and during which time my master had endeavored rather to make capital out. I first worked a short time in Strasbourg, province Alsace, and then in Fribourg, baden, at which place i joined the working men's educational society, which organization was the remnants of the german National Working Men's Union, founded by the noted socialistic agitator Lassalle,. Some branches of this organization are yet in existence, but almost exclusively in south Germany. In these clubs I received the first real information about the doctrines of socialism and communism - that is, so far as this was possible on account of this despicable exceptional laws against socialism which were enacted in 1878. At these places I profited, also, by practical communism, although it consisted for only in the form of societies of consumption, or rather eating-associations. Certainly the fact that we were wage slaves, prejudiced our communistic experiment very much. In the spring of 1883, i directed my steps to Switzerland, the splendid reputation of which country, with regard to its beautiful landscapes and to its free institutions, had attracted my attention, and had aroused my admiration.
At the request of mother, the remains of father were dissected, and the physicians gave their opinion that the stupidity (or stupefaction) which had befell him had its origin in said fatal accident. This was in the year of 1877. At this time i was thirteen and my sister seven years old, and at this age i received my first impressions of the prevailing unjust social institutions,. E., the exploitation of men by men. The main circumstances which caused this reflection in my youthful mind were the experiences of our own family. It did not escape my observation that the former employer of my father grew continually richer, despite the extravagant life he and his family were leading, whilst, on the other hand, my father, who had per- formed his respective part in creating the wealth his.
Shortly, all the incidents which I have narrated before, implanted into my mind the seed of bitter hatred against the existing society, which feeling grew still more intense with my entrance into the industrial arena, and which has inspired me in my late agitation against. The life which was allotted to us after my father's death, was only a further source to inflame my embitterment and hatred and we were, to a great extent, subjected to the freaks of our rich customers who were living in grand style, by creating. Sometimes, when we were in need of money, my mother would send me on a tour of collections to our different customers, but I returned with empty hands and aching heart, very often with the message that Mrs. Had company, and therefore could not see. Under such conditions I did not dare to tell mother that I was in want of clothing, and even school books which latter were conscientiously procured by her, but very often at the sacrifice of the last penny. But, in another respect, my mother would punish me severely whenever I committed the slightest offences, especially when followed by a material damage.
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At the age of hibernation five years i visited school, first-the so-called city or elementary school-and, later, after the general reorganization of the school system, at the time of the reunion of Germany, following the French-German war, (98) the mixed public school, so-called because children. Being cared for sufficiently by my parents, my earliest youth was a happy one indeed, until a fatal accident which befell my father brought about such a change in our situation, that not very seldom want and hunger were questions in our family, and only. In his efforts to contribute to the wealth of his employer, a dealer, my father undertook a task which all of his fellow-slaves refused to do, to wit: he endeavored to replace a heavy log of oak which had slipped from the banks upon the. In his zeal to accomplish the task, the treacherous icy crust gave way, and father disappeared below the ice in the waters of the river, and could be saved only after the most strenuous efforts and diligent search. This event destroyed his robust nature to such a degree that his working capacity was reduced by it very much. In consequence thereof, his noble employer saw the necessity of reducing the salary of the wage-slave, who had worked essay for him for twelve long years and whose health had been ruined in his zeal to further the interests of his master, and after a little. It is true, after a space of time father secured work suitable to his broken health, as a laborer in the employ of the municipal government, but the compensation for these services was so small that it sufficed hardly to satisfy his own personal living. Three years after the above described sad experience, since which period he had been in a state of stupidity, my father died.
Then returned to moscow taught at the moscow City Art School on Kropotkinskaya street from 1963 to 1969. And then at the Krupskaya distance learning peoples University of the Arts until 1976. I beheld the light of this world on the 9th day of September, 1864, in Mannheim, Grand Duchy of Baden. In the middle ages Mannheim was a fortress, but she cast off her protective garments on the occasion of the third conquest by the French in 1678. At the present time mannheim is, because of her prominent location as a centre of navigation and railway traffic, a flourishing city, with a population of about 65,000. The Rhine connects Mannheim with the north sea, while the famous. Gothard tunnel, which perforates the Alps, places here in direct railway conjunction with Switzerland and Italy. My father, Friedrich Lingg, toiled in a lumber yard, and my mother kept a laundry, and thus they were enabled to provide for their modest wants, and the education review of their children, myself and six-years' younger sister.
my visit to moscow, first in fifteen years, i got onto a traditional painting of three-dimensional space. First these were still-lives, and then scenes with figures, city landscapes. Was born 1931, moscow. From 1946 to 1950 studied at the moscow State Art School, which was shut down in 1950, so the graduation year I spent in the memory of 1905 Moscow Art School. Mikhail Perutsky was my main teacher. I studied scenic painting and received a diploma of scene painter /a contractor/ (1951). From 1954 to 1960 (after the military) I worked in theaters of severodvinsk, lysva, pskov, zlatoust as a theater designer.
In the year 1978 emigrated resume to France. For several years (from 1078 to 1981) painted big half-abstract shelves with paint acrylic on paper. Later, also with acrylic on paper I painted the series "Remember Moscow". Mostly figures - shops, a queue, a feast. Also my apartment in Moscow. A period of "neo-expressionism" came afterwards (8485) more of compositions with figures, texts. Then flat (out of perspective) still lives. 86-87 had been doing abstract compositions - on canvas, and relief collages on plywood.
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Mikhail Roginsky, archive 1 / 4, autobiography by eksempel mikhail Roginsky, autobiography by mikhail Roginsky, autobiography by mikhail Roginsky, handwritten autobiography of mikhail Roginsky, mikhail Roginsky. At the present time painting compositions with figures and city landscapes. I personally determine it as "documentalism as an extension of pop art. I began seriously do painting in the early 60s. Was practicing "objective" art. Mostly painted common homeward from nature a teapot, a cooking pot, a gas-stove. Gradually began to scale the objects up, show them bigger than they appear in real life. About 1967, influenced by russian still life of 18-19th centuries, i started doing more "retro". Later painted small pictures with tempera on primed orgalit.