Statue of Saddam Torn Down 1979 - saddam Hussein becomes president of Iraq. He eliminates opposition and becomes dictator. 1980 - the Iran-Iraq war begins. 1981 - an Iraqi nuclear research center is bombed by Israel. 1988 - a ceasefire is agreed to with Iran. 1988 - iraq uses chemical weapons to kill thousands of Kurdish people in the city of Halabja.
The sumerian invention of writing - sumerian Shakespeare
They appoint faisal i as King of Iraq. 1927 - oil is discovered north of Kirkuk. 1932 - iraq gains its independence from Britain. 1939 - world War ii paragraph begins. Iraq allies with the Axis powers of Germany and Italy. 1941 - the British invade Iraq to insure oil supplies. 1945 - iraq joins the Arab league. 1948 - iraq attacks Israel along with the Arab league in the Arab-Israeli war. 1958 - the monarchy is overthrown and the republic of Iraq is founded. 1968 - the baathist Party takes control of Iraq. 1972 - iraq nationalizes (the government prolink takes control) of the Iraq Petroleum Company.
Iraq is divided up into three provinces of the Ottoman Empire: Mosul, basra, and Baghdad. 1914 - world War I begins. The Ottomans are allied with the central Powers of Germany and Austria. 1917 statement - british troops invade Iraq and take control of Baghdad. 1919 - world War i ends. The Ottomans lose the war. 1920 - iraq becomes a british mandate.
Muslims conquer the sassanid Empire. 762 - the city of Baghdad is founded as the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate. It will be the center of the muslim world for nearly 500 years. 1055 - baghdad is captured by the seljuk turks. 1258 - the mongols invade Iraq causing devastation and killing hundreds of thousands of people. 1401 - tamerlane invades Iraq and once again sacks Baghdad. 1534 - iraq is conquered by the Ottoman Empire.
The cuneiform Writing System in Ancient Mesopotamia: Emergence
1792, hammurabi is king of Babylon. He will establish the winesburg first written code of law. 1250 - iron is first used by the Assyrians to make weapons and chariots. 705 - the capital of the Assyrian Empire is moved to nineveh in northern Iraq. 668 - king Ashurbanipal of Assyria builds a great resume library in Nineveh. 604, nebuchadnezzar ii becomes king of Babylon. 539, cyrus the Great of the persian Empire takes control of Iraq and the city of Babylon.
518 - the capital of the persian Empire is established at Persepolis in southern Iraq. Sargon the Great 330 - alexander the Great conquers the persians and takes control of Babylon. 144 - the parthian Empire gains control. 56 - the parthians defeat an invasion by the roman Empire. Ce 116 - the roman Empire under Trajan capture southern Iraq and defeat the parthians. 224 - the sassanid Empire gains control.
Ads2, the invention of writing was one of the greatest achievements of mankind. Writing made it possible to preserve the knowledge and made them available to a large number of people. Keep the memory of the past, it became possible to record (on clay tablets, papyrus and not only in oral retelling, passed on from generation to generation word of mouth. To date, the script is the main repository of information for mankind). Iraq History and Timeline overview, parents and teachers : Support Ducksters by following us. History geography middle east iraq, iraq Timeline.
Bce 3500 - the, sumer civilization establishes city-states in southern Mesopotamia. 3300 - writing is invented by the sumerians. Sumerian Writing 3200 - the wheel is first used by the sumerians for a vehicle. 2700 - the dominate city-state is Ur which is ruled by the famous King Gilgamesh. 2330 - the, akkadians conquer Sumer under the leadership of Sargon. 2000 - the Elamites from Iran capture the city. Assyrians gain control of northern Iraq.
Why did we invent Writing?
First signs of Sumerian writing arranged vertically from top to bottom. Then the scribes began to build them horizontally, which greatly accelerated the process of putting the signs on wet clay. Sumerian cuneiform were adopted by other people living in Mesopotamia. Cuneiform writing in Mesopotamia were used almost 3000 years. But then it was friendship forgotten. Cuneiform writing kept its secret through tens of centuries, more precisely, until 1835 when. Rawlinson British officer and lover of antiquities did not decipher. That was a cliff in Iran where the signs remained and depicted the same inscription in three ancient languages, including in Old Persian. Rawlinson first read the inscription on the well-known language he was able to understand and then in another line, by identifying and deciphering cuneiform 200 characters.
This image has been simplified. Gradually, it became so conditioned that turned into a the sign. People have realized that the sign can mean not only a subject or an animal, but a single word, syllable or sound. The signs could express complex concepts, record different information, stories about the past, laws. Since sumerian signs squeezed cane on clay, they were like wedges. Writing is a complex mix of characters-wedges. This writing is called cuneiform.
governance, the accumulation of wealth rulers, nobles, and temples require property records. To indicate to whom, how much and what belonged, were invented by special signs, pictures. Pictography ancient writings with drawings. Scientists believe the most ancient invention of writing is being contributed by sumerians in the history of world culture. In the ancient near East, long before the cuneiform writing even long before the sumerians, existed a way to store and transmit information. First, people drew pictures of animals or objects that had to count on wet clay tablets with chopsticks.
Thanks to the work of many generations of the sumerians, they the managed to turn this inhospitable plain soil into a lush garden, being one of the richest countries of the ancient world. From the mainstream of the euphrates Sumerians took network of canals and built a system of dams and dikes. They defended the field of the turbulent river spills, at the same time helping to retain water for irrigation. River water irrigated fields and orchards, and salt water marshes grew well date palms. They were unpretentious and gave high yields of valuable nutritious fruit that could have been stored for a long time. The juice of fresh berries not only replaced the sugar and honey, but also used for making vinegar and wine. Palma was the whole thing without the rest: the wood to use for construction purposes, mats woven from the leaves and even the bones used as firewood. Sumerians showed amazing thrust to scientific knowledge, becoming the first mathematicians and astronomers of antiquity, and their achievement in geography, physics, chemistry, medicine, history, philology, military and agriculture amaze modern scientists.
The evolution of Writing denise Schmandt-Besserat
Traces of the first Sumerians in the history are found in present-day iraq. It arose between 45 years. In the lands between the tigris and Euphrates rivers. Greeks called this place mesopotamia. It was resume about seven thousand years ago that people came and settled on this land. We call them Sumerians, even though it is not really clear by that time if they spoke sumerian at all. They called themselves black-headed. It was one of the most mysterious people in history. Tales state that in Mesopotamia they lived on the blissful island of Dilmun.