For other costs please see profit and loss statement. Costs per ton calculation, usd. Future Products and Services Glycerol is a by-product of our technological process, but it needs further cleaning. The company is looking into the installation of glycerol processing equipment. . As the equipment requires an additional investment and the company wants to remain focused on the production of quality biodiesel as a flagship product, this investment might be forgone in the immediate future. Technology The process of converting vegetable oil into biodiesel fuel is called transesterification or neutralizing the free fatty acids in oil, removing the glycerol, and creating an alcohol ester. This is accomplished by mixing methanol (wood alcohol) with lye (sodium hydroxide) or potassium Hydroxide, to make sodium (or potassium) methoxide.
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Since 2001-02, palm oil consumption has increased.2 million metric tone, compared to.7 mmt increase in soybean oil consumption. This lower price, compared to other major oils, primarily soybean oil, has given Palm oil a competitive advantage in both these large oil consuming countries. The rising trend is attributed also to making Trans Fatty Acid (TFA) label effective in the United States in January, 2006. The association of Palm oil companies (Gapki) predicted the prices doll of crude palm oil (CPO) will hover around US600 per ton this year and will not dive lower than US550 per ton. Soybean oil shipments are estimated to remain unchanged, thus accounting for a lower share of total trade of oil seeds than usual, with current trend of gradual price increase for soybean oil futures: Date Price, cents per. March.22 may.59 July.1 Conclusion : we proved in the plan the following purchasing prices of raw materials: - dog Used cooking oil - Jatropha oil-.3. Biodiesel production costs Other important costs are costs of raw materials, chemicals and energy: 1 ton of oil plus.12 ton of methanol plus.01 ton of koh. Please refer to table 4 for summary. Energy requirements were estimated under assumption that with technologically advanced plant we need approx. . 20 liter of biodiesel as energy to produce 1 ton of biodiesel. .
Summary: Benefits of Jatropha It is a perennial crop,. A tree, and thus requires far less fertilizer and chemicals than annuals and qualifies for cers It can provide additional income to rural eksempel communities in the tropics It can be used as a support for climbing plants such as vanilla, etc., which augmenting its income. Rapeseed oil now makes up between 8085 of the eu biodiesel. Prices for Rape have been falling for the last 2 years, because of record harvests, see the graph below. But it is unlikely that these records would be repeated, and increase of demand worldwide will keep prices higher. We expect average market price for Rape in per tone, and average price for Rape oil 670 per tone, depending on season (fall prices are usually lower than spring ones. The world largest suppliers of Palm oil are malaysia, which produces 45 of the worlds supply and Indonesia (39) These countries would supply up to 20 of the european Unions biodiesel needs by 2010. The strong growth in Palm oil consumption over the last six years has resulted in Palm oil being the dominant oil in the global market. As soybean oil prices began to rise in 2001-02, the spread between Palm oil and soybean oil began to widen, increasing the competitiveness of Palm oil in the world market.
This highly drought-resistant species is adapted to arid and semi-arid conditions. It has few conditions with respect to its environment: it can grow in areas that are unsuitable for other plants, because of soil depletion. Its a labor intensive plan, which, however, requires minimum investments after maturity (in 2 years) with regular and stable harvests for min. 50 years The reason is that Jatropha is not needed to be replanted every season like other oil crops which saves labor and other cost. Jatropha yield per hectare per year is up.0 tons of seed, which contain over 37 oil; Jatropha seeds do not require special conditions for storage; Jatropha shell after pressing makes a valuable fertilizer. . Jatropha is a natural pest and bug killer requiring no additional pesticides; it is possible to intercrop Jatropha with other plants to increase productivity of land or to create a living fence around. Many national governments are interested in effective use of wasted lands, creation of stable income in local communities, and developing production of alternative fuels. For example, in India alone there are about 552,692.26 sq km of wastelands, out of which.87 amounting to 347,490.15 sq km are suitable for cultivation of Jatropha.
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biodiesel is the only biofuel, which received approval from most car manufacturers; it is a proven fuel with over 20 years of sewing use in Europe and 30 million successful us road miles. biodiesel has the highest energy yield in comparison to other fuels, including conventional one: ethanol, distilled from cellulose. Odiesel is nontoxic and poses little or no health risk to humans. Vehicles that run on biodiesel emit less sulfur dioxide (SO2 particulate matter (soot carbon-dioxide (CO2 with fewer heavy hydrocarbons (HC) and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH). Biodiesel does not contain sulfur so it will not contribute to sulfur dioxide emissions that result in acid rain. Tests have shown that the cancer-causing potential of particulate matter from pure biodiesel is about 94 less than that of regular diesel.
Sourcing One of the most important problems for biodiesel manufacturers is high cost of feedstock. The major source of raw materials for biodiesel production in Europe is rape (canola for us and south American manufacturers its soy bean; for many other countries its also palm oil. Due to constantly growing demand for biodiesel, vegetable oil prices on the world market are following an upward trend. For this reason, the company will start operations with The company is also considering the import. Used cooking oil Heres description of your local or overseas supplier.2.2 Jatropha jatropha is believed to originate from Mexico and later been introduced to Africa and Asia.
There are even examples of usage crude vegetable oil (not processed into biodiesel) in specially designed diesel engines, or blended (50/50) with petrodiesel oil in ordinary diesel engines. Biodiesel is the only alternative fuel that runs in any conventional, unmodified diesel engine. It can be stored exactly like petroleum diesel. Biodiesel shows similar fuel consumption, horsepower, torque, and haulage rates as conventional diesel fuel. Biodiesel can be used alone or mixed in any ratio with petroleum diesel.
The use of biodiesel can extend the life of diesel engines because it is more lubricating than petroleum diesel fuel, while fuel consumption, auto ignition, power output, and engine torque are relatively unaffected. Lubricity results of biodiesel and petroleum diesel using industry test methods indicate that there is a marked improvement in lubricity when biodiesel is added to conventional diesel fuel. Even biodiesel levels below 1 percent can provide up to a 30 percent increase in lubricity. Biodiesel is safe to handle and transport because it is as biodegradable as sugar (pure biodiesel degrades 85 to 88 in water within 28 days 10 times less toxic than table salt (lethal dose is greater than.4 g/Kg body weight, while for salt (nacl). Combustion of biodiesel provide over a 75- 90 reduction in environmental pollution and a 90 reduction in cancer risks. Biodiesel is the only alternative fuel to meet all environmental and human health requirements for energy sources.
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Product Description The company is planning the production of biodiesel as a primary product with Glycerin as a by-product. . Glycerine will initially be sold to the soap and cosmetics industries. . Subsequently, the company will consider an approach with more added-value. Biodiesel is the name for the methanol-ester-based biofuel made from vegetable oils or animal fats. In this business plan biodiesel will be produced from. Key advantages and Performance of biodiesel biodiesel is a clear liquid, without unpleasant odor or handling characteristics, of virtually the same viscosity as mineral fossil diesel business oil. For this reason, it may be used in a standard diesel engine without additional modifications. It may also be blended with petrodiesel to improve quality of latter. .
By that time we plan _ turnover, producing _ net profit and positive cash flow. To reach these goals, we need _ investment to buy land, processing equipment, and finance working capital. Core competence of _ is production of renewable and environment friendly fuel, biodiesel. We intend to satisfy constantly growing demand for biofuels worldwide and to generate fair return for investors and financing continuing growth and development. We plan to start production of biodiesel in with to reach full plant capacity in 1 year and to double it at the year. Company description _ is a start-up focused on renewable energy production from agriculture-based feedstock. . The company owning the production unit will be formed under _ law as an.
fuel with the same performance as that of conventional diesel, at competitive price and ecologically safe. Our markets expand rapidly all over the world due to growing ecological concerns and limited energy supply. Our target customers located. Our teams skills cover all aspects of creating and managing the biodiesel production project: organizing, financing, auditing, marketing, promoting business, solving technical and organizational problems. The capacity of the plant is _ gallons per year, the full capacity is intended to be reached by the end of the fifth operational year.
Market for biodiesel in.2. Market prices.3. Sales and marketing report strategy. . Project competitive advantages.1. Process advantages.2. Product advantages.3. Management and personnel y members of management team.
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Executive summary.1. Mission and objectives 3, company description. Product Description.1 key advantages and Performance of biodiesel.2. Used biography cooking oil.2.2 Jatropha.2.3. Palm oil.2.5. Soybean oil.3. Biodiesel production costs.4. Future Products and Services.5. Market analysis.1.